KNEC grading system for colleges and TVETs exams

KNEC grading system for colleges and TVETs exams full list available here, understand the examination terminologies including Distinction, Credit, pass, Fail and CRNM (course requirements not met)

Colleges and TVETs institutions in Kenya uses the KNEC examination for evaluation and promotion to the next step or modules. To move to the next module or next yearly phase, candidates always sit for KNEC examination. To qualify to the next module a candidate should have a minimum of pass in all the units he or she sat for. If not a candidate can also proceed to the next module with pass in other units and not more than 2 fail units This is normally known as referred. Referred means that in a unit a candidate scored a minimum of pass. In this instance a candidate proceeds to the next phase or module but he or she re-sits the referred units later. Keep in mind that other courses require only one referred unit to proceed to the next step without re siting the whole academic year this happens for courses with minimal units

Note that to fully graduate from your course you should have a minimum average of pass in all your examinations results so with any referred paper you are required to register for KNEC exam and attain a minimum of pass in the referred units.

There are various classes and grades according to the KNEC grading system for TVETs institutions and colleges they are shown in the table below

Pass with DistinctionGrade 1 and 2
Pass with creditGrade 3 and 4
PassGrade 5 and 6
FailGrade 7

The official grades are determined from the final scores in each unit a candidate sits for in his or her KNEC exam we have prepared a table below to show the raw scores and its association with the grading system this will help candidates to target for the examination scores or final results of the KNEC examination they sit for.


Overall KNEC exam performance is indicated as:

  • 2 PASS with CREDIT
  • 3 PASS
  • CRNM: course requirement not met this happens when you fail to sit in for a particular exam offered in your course

If a candidate scores 39 and below in a paper sat for, he or she is referred essentially meaning you failed the paper in this instance as stated earlier in the article you have to re sit the paper after paying for the KNEC exam again but this time you only pay for the failed/referred paper only through your college or TVET institution.

Exam registration fees varies for different courses but when registering for referred units you only pay for a given paper not for the whole course read full details on TVET KNEC exam registration here

Note that this article applies for craft, artisan and Diploma courses only excluding higher diploma courses offered in various colleges and TVET institution

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4 thoughts on “KNEC grading system for colleges and TVETs exams

  1. Hi… I am just enquiring if they use the end term exams to grade you in knec college exams… And if they do… What happens if you don’t seat for the said exam

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